This is the first of a series of five workshops that will take place in the UK and in South America to examine and discuss the socio-cultural trajectories of change in the Amazon, since the 1970s.
The work is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and will involve academics and non-academics and will help to establish the new ‘agro-cultures network’, which will contribute as a gateway to novel explanations of historical, cultural, linguistic and religious dimensions of agricultural frontiers, which are spaces of socio-ecological transformation and where old traditions combine and clash with modernisation trends.
The members of the network understand that culture is not as a homogeneous entity or a container comprehending either meanings or people (depending on one’s theoretical preference), but rather as an internally coherent collection of communicatory processes and resources that enable, constitute, and organise the sociality and socialisation of different groups of stakeholders. By conceiving culture from its margins, from liminal socialities, from hybridities and in-betweens (or, as it were, through frontier-thinking), the network will contribute to the reflexive project of enlightening ourselves about—and thus relativize—its basic, often tacit, assumptions.
Likewise, agricultural frontiers are socio-ecological and dynamic territories. There is an evident politico-ecological significance of agri-food, which has come into sharp focus in recent years as major uncertainties exist around the sustainability of production and distribution systems, as well as a focus on issues of justice and equity of conventional agricultural systems. All this constitutes a fertile field of investigation, as it integrates different approaches for the study of economic development and environmental change, combining historico-geographical accounts with political and socio-cultural factors. Research done in the Amazon demonstrates that regional development and agriculture intensification trends are translated into values and practices at the local level, which affect political mobilisation and the ability of farmers to adopt technologies and respond to pressures.
In addition, the network is inspired by the fast growing literature, based on trans-disciplinary theoretical and empirical work, on food sovereignty and environmental justice. In particular, the recognition of food sovereignty (i.e. the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food) as a socio-spatial relation, whose conceptualisation includes the rights of nations, peoples, regions and states to craft agrarian policy according to their culture and multiple values.
This first workshop in Cardiff will include talks, roundtables and opportunities for poster presentations. Options for joint publications will also be discussed.
Confirmed speakers and debaters already include:
- Prof. João Pacheco de Oliveira (Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro)
- Prof. Paul Little (independent researcher, formerly at University of Brasília)
- Prof. Bernardo M. Fernandes (State University of São Paulo)
- Prof. Laura Rival (Oxford University)
- Prof. Paul Routledge (University of Leeds)
- Dr Fábio de Castro (CEDLA, University of Amsterdam)
- Dr Maria Fernanda Gebara (independent researcher, formerly at UFRRJ)
- Dr Francesca Fois (Aberystwyth University)
- Dr Christopher Schulz (University of St Andrews)
- Prof. Rafael Ioris (University of Denver)
- Prof. Aaron Schneider (Latin America Center, University of Denver)
- Prof. Vitale Joanoni Neto (Federal University of Mato Grosso, Brazil)
- Dr Antonio A R Ioris (Cardiff University)
This event can be attended remotely via Internet (free of charge) during the two days using Panopto; on the days of the event, just click here
Schematic programme of the event:
|Wednesday 30 May||Thursday 31 May|
9:30 Welcoming words: Antonio Ioris & Vitale Joanoni Neto
10:00 Paul Little: “Engaged Ethnographies of Territorial Conflict on Amazonian Frontiers”
11:00 Laura Rival: “The Historical and Cultural Trajectory of Agricultural Frontiers and the Subjectivities of Regional Development in the Amazon”
12:00 Q&A / Discussion
9:15 Welcome to Day 2
9:30 João Pacheco: “Hidden Histories and Covered Memories: The Amazonian Border from the Perspective of Indigenous Agency”
10:30: V. Joanoni Neto: “The Amazon and the National Integration Policy”
11:15 Rafael Ioris & Aaron Schneider: “What is New in Agribusiness in Brazil?”
12:00 Q&A / Discussion
13:30 Bernardo Fernandes: “Land Grabbing for Agro-extractivism in Brazil”
14:30 Movies about the Amazon
13:30 Francesca Fois: “Exploring the global countryside in the Lower Amazon mesoregion of Pará, Brazil”
14:15 M. Fernanda Gebara: “Indigenous Spirituality as a Way to the Ecological Self”
|15:00 coffee break||15:00 coffee break|
|15:00 Fábio de Castro: “Knowledge Encounters and Hybridization in the Eastern Amazon” & Christopher Schulz: “Valuing Intact Tropical Peatlands in the Peruvian Amazon”|
15:15 Antonio Ioris: “Expanding Frontier Theory – Summary of the Event”
15:45 Final discussion / lessons learned / next steps
|16:30 Discussion / summary of Day 1 / book launch by Routledge||16:30 Concluding remarks|
Overview of talks and speakers:
“Engaged Ethnographies of Territorial Conflict on Amazonian Frontiers: A research framework”
This paper presents a framework for research on territorial conflicts on Amazonian frontiers using an engaged ethnographic approach. This research seeks to understand not only the dynamics of specific conflicts but also tracks the many on-going efforts to resolve them and, as such, has both empirical and normative dimensions. A brief review of Amazonian frontiers reveals common tendencies of rapid land-use change driven by developmentalist ideologies and global demand for commodities which are accompanied by the construction of large-scale infrastructure projects and high rates of deforestation and environmental degradation.
The concept of territory provides an anthropological key entry point into the study of frontier dynamics and is used to identify the principal social groups along with their respective, and often conflicting, claims to territory. Territorial conflicts within a Brazilian frontier context serve as the object of ethnographic inquiry, where five sites of encounter and contention are proposed for analytic review: property-rights regimes; productive systems; socioenvironmental impacts; ethnic identities; and environmental management. Analyses of the various mechanisms for conflict resolution at each of these sites undergirds the presentation of possibilities for new, more equitable systems of post-frontier resource governance regarding territorial rights, food security, environmental justice, ethnogenesis and sustainable development.
Prof. Paul E. Little, Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Brasilia, is an independent researcher and consultant on issues of Amazonian environmental policy and indigenous peoples’ territorial management. His recent publications include the policy paper “Mega-development projects in Amazonia: A geopolitical and socioenvironmental primer” and the edited volume “Os novos desafios da política ambiental brasileira“.
“Hidden Histories and Covered Memories: The Amazonian Border from the Perspective of Indigenous Agency”
The Amazon deserves great attention in Brazilian social thought, being described in divergent ways, be as a land of promise or as a huge green hell. What is common to both is that the data and interpretations they provide are framed in a process of occidental and capitalist expansion, conceived almost as spontaneous and natural, in which the Amazon and its populations enter as in minor and isolated chapter, performing only secondary roles and functions . The objective of this text, based on recent research by national anthropologists and historians, is to make explicit and to reflect on the narrative “tropes” and ideological “bias” that feed a very limited view of the frontier, seeking to incorporate in its analyzes the agency, strategies and protagonism of the indigenous populations . By emphasizing the conflicting and polyphonic dimension of the frontier situation, we hope to contribute to a critical and dialogic understanding of existing sources and interpretations, stimulating the analytical explorations involved in a new use and conceptualization of the social construction of territories, borders, and frontiers.
Prof. João Pacheco de Oliveira is Full Professor on Anthropology at the Museu Nacional/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). He is the author or editor of 14 books and the author of 121 articles and chapters on Brazilian Indians. He did prolonged fieldwork with Ticuna Indians of Amazonia, his doctoral thesis was published in 1988. His last book, called “The Birth of Brazil and other essays”, received the ANPOCS award for best scientific work of the year (2017). He was former president of the Brazilian Association of Anthropology/ABA . He is presently developing research on Nation-Building, Anthropology of Colonialism as well as museums and ethnographic collections. At the Museu Nacional he is the curator of the ethnological collections. Along with indigenous leaders he founded Maguta: Center for Documentation and Research of Alto Solimões, headquartered in the small town of Benjamin Constant (Amazonas), that gave rise to Maguta Museum, the first indigenous museum in Brazil.
“The Amazon and the National Integration Policy: The modernization discourse between the past and present”
The article presents a reflection about the projects of the Brazilian State, especially after the military coup of 1964, which, with the strong support of the national entrepreneurship, made the Amazon the strategic locus of the development model adopted for the country. We intend to analyse the general power strategy of the dictatorship in Brazil and demonstrate how the Amazon became the political and economic axis in this governmental experience, materialized in several public policies. Under these assumptions, it is important to study governmental discourses and practices that underpin the support that redefined power relations in Brazil, especially by focusing on the various political devices that are embodied in laws, decrees, plans, institutional programs, and In the state’s own administrative reform. This last one, carried out during the dictatorship, was not discussed in the National Congress and was supported by the powers of exception of the 2nd Institutional Act – December 1966. The business logic prevailed as an administrative practice, which persisted in the political-administrative structure of the country after the military regime.
Prof. Vitale Joanoni Neto – Professor at the Federal University of Mato Grosso History Department. Coordinator of the History Research Nucleus.
He has interest in the Brazilian military dictatorship, reoccupation process in Legal Amazon in the North of Mato Grosso, as well as conflicts and violence.
“Valuing Intact Tropical Peatlands in the Peruvian Amazon”
Globally, research on peatlands has traditionally centred on temperate and boreal climate zones, where peatlands have been studied and used e.g. for fuel and horticulture for a long time. Significant attention has also been devoted to tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia, where they are under threat from frequent fires, land-use change and the expansion of oil palm plantations. The importance of peatlands elsewhere in the tropics, the Congo Basin of Africa and the Amazon Basin of South America, for example, is also now becoming apparent as recent work describing the distribution and carbon content of these peatlands reveals that they make an enormous contribution to the tropical carbon sink, and thus play a significant role in the global carbon cycle. Recently, scientists have begun to describe the largest tropical peatlands of the Amazon region in the Pastaza-Marañón Foreland Basin in the Loreto Province of Peru. As part of an interdisciplinary endeavour, a team of researchers from the University of St Andrews and the Peruvian Amazon Research Institute (IIAP), Iquitos, are approaching the importance of tropical peatlands from a natural science and social science point of view. My talk is going to report on the very first findings of a pilot study on the multiple social, cultural, and economic values of peatlands in the Peruvian Amazon. This study, to be carried out between March and May 2018, will use participatory mapping and other qualitative methods to identify peatland uses and values at the current development frontier in two small communities near Iquitos. While little is known about human uses of tropical peatlands at present, these ecosystems are already at risk by encroaching economic development, such as oil exploration and logging activities. By conducting the first study on human uses and values of tropical peatlands in the area, our research team hopes to contribute to efforts to publicise their importance more widely, and ultimately ensure their sustained protection and conservation, for the benefit of local people and global climate alike.
Dr Christopher Schulz – Research fellow at the School of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, UK, working in the interdisciplinary research project “Valuing intact tropical peatlands” (Scottish Funding Council). Previously, he investigated multiple values of water in the Upper Paraguay River Basin of Mato Grosso, Brazil, for the PhD and MSc in Environment and Development at the University of Edinburgh, UK.
“Land Grabbing for Agro-extractivism in Brazil: The Case of MATOPIBA”
The current Brazilian agrarian question is undergoing changes as a result of the policies in progress of the second neoliberal phase. The first neoliberal phase in Brazil occurred from 1986 to 2002, when policies began to facilitate the acquisition of land by foreigners. From 2003 to 2015, the first post-neoliberal or neo-development phase began when the Lula government limited the acquisition of land to international capital. In 2016, there was a political coup that reopened the policies for international corporations to buy land in Brazil. In this research, we present the first results of the new neoliberal policies that impact different peasant and indigenous territories. We analyze how agribusiness is organized to acquire new lands from landowners. We also study the participation of pension funds, sovereign funds and private funds and their relations with national companies, multinational corporations, and landowners. We present the case study: MATOPIBA Region that was created by the Dilma government to serve the interests of landowners and multinational corporations. In this case, we find a strong presence of rentier capitalism as well as large acquisitions of land. We find territorial enclaves of agro-extractivism along with expropriation and poverty. We analyze the conditions of this resistance against the hegemony of the neoliberal model. Policies in progress in Brazil and in other countries reveal the rapid advance of a development model that encounters resistance, but also resiliency of national companies and support in the governments of those countries that are subordinated to the interests of corporations and funds. Only a new post-neoliberal government can slow the advance of international capital. It is a great struggle of paradigm disputes and development models.
Prof. Bernardo Mançano Fernandes – professor of the Graduate Programme in Geography (Presidente Prudente), Graduate Programme in Territorial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (São Paulo) at UNESP (São Paulo State University) and is chair holder UNESCO Chair in Territorial Development and Education for the Countryside at UNESP. Post-doctorate in Latin American Studies at the University of South Florida (2008), Visiting Scholar in Stanford University (2016), Bernardo has been an active researcher Fellow for Scientific Productivity of CNPq (Level 1B) since 2001. In 1998, founded the Center for Agrarian Reform Study, Research and Projects (NERA) in Brazil. He also coordinates the editorial board of the book collections: “Voices of the Countryside” and “Agrarian Change & Peasant Studies”. His research focuses on territorial development, the theory of territory, paradigmatic disputes, peasant movements, agribusiness, agrarian question and land reform. Currently, he is a visiting professor at Cardiff University, School of Geography and Planning.
“What is New in Agribusiness in Brazil? One more Reiteration of Conservative Modernization in the (Forever) Country- of-the-Future”
Over the last quarter century, Brazil reinserted itself in the global economy with a booming agribusiness sector, but subsequent bust revealed the distortions and vulnerabilities of combining technologically advanced agriculture with oligarchic-style political economy. As Brazil eclipsed its hard-fought status as a manufactured goods exporter and stepped back into its traditional role as a major commodity exporter, Brazilian agricultural elites 1) modernized their activities by means of technological innovations and more complex global trade and international agribusiness alliances, and 2) reasserted their prominence as central economic and political players. This process included a huge expansion into new agricultural frontiers, this time around more than ever into the Amazon region. These developments present several ironies. First, oligarchic emergence occurred amidst the strengthening of the country’s formal democratic institutions and during the reign of Workers’ Party (PT) center-left political coalitions. In effect, rather than being forced to concede to a more sustainable path of territorial occupation and a more labor-inclusive mode of production, latifundia and traditional land-based oligarchic elites parlayed their importance as generators of export revenues and control of political office into essential coalition partners to the PT. When economic fortunes and PT electoral dominance dipped, these oligarchic elites were the first to abandon the government, pursue undemocratic control of power, and seek to reverse those few social gains they had allowed during the boom. This paper seeks to examine, in a critical light, the detail of this process, paying particular attention to both the economic transformation taking place in agribusiness in the Amazon frontier and the political dimensions of agriculture-led late development.
Prof. Aaron Schneider (Denver University) – Dr. Schneider’s work focuses on the intersection of wealth and power, and he has conducted research in Latin America, India, and Sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, he emphasizes the study of public finance as a window into the political economy of development and democracy. The way governments secure contributions from key social groups, and how they decide what to do with the money tells a story about the nature of national political communities – who is in, who is out, and who will enjoy what benefits of membership. Among other projects, Dr. Schneider’s main ongoing enterprise is a comparative project on India and Brazil, examining the political impact of similarly successful but quite divergent strategies of insertion into international markets. The project explores emerging markets in global capitalism and how domestic political institutions of federalism and political parties respond to distinct macroeconomic constraints.
Prof. Rafael R. Ioris (Denver University) – scholar of Modern Latin America, with a special focus on Modern Brazilian Political, Diplomatic, Cultural and Intellectual Histories. His latest book (Transforming Brazil: A History of National Development in the Postwar Era) examines the political and cultural debates involved in the promotion of fast-paced, state-led programs of development in Brazil in the aftermath of World War II. In a broader perspective, his research agenda speaks to a larger intellectual agenda dealing with the dissemination of industrial projects in late-developing societies. Presently working on the history of US-based developmental ideologies and multilateral developmental programs implemented in Latin America in the second half of the twentieth century, with a special focus on the experiences involved in the implementation of the Alliance for Progress in Brazil in the 1960s. Research interests are closely tied to his pedagogical philosophy which seeks to answer some of the big questions involved in the broad patterns of development undergone by late-coming societies. He has been the recipient of various prestigious research funds, including from the UNC-Duke Consortium in Latin American and Caribbean Studies, the Rockefeller Archive Center, and the Research Foundation of the State of Sao Paulo.
“The Historical and Cultural Trajectory of Agricultural Frontiers and the Subjectivities of Regional Development in the Amazon“
The paper will make use of anthropological and archaeological theories of environmental change in the Amazon basin to engage critically political economy approaches to modernization that have dominated geography and development studies since the 1970s. I will pay particular attention to the ways in which anthropogenic processes have been conceptualised and indigenous ‘cosmopolitics’ interpreted. I will compare and contrast a number of frontier situations involving communities struggling to retain territorial autonomy and propose a renewed understanding of the politics of socio-ecological transformation. I will end with a discussion of various contemporary attempts to civilize industrial agriculture through ecological visions.
Prof. Laura Rival – Associate Professor at Oxford University, where she teaches various courses relating to the Anthropology of Nature, Society, and Development. Her research interests include Anthropology and interdisciplinarity; Amerindian conceptualizations of nature and society; historical and political ecology; development, conservation and environmental policies in Latin America; sustainability in the Anthropocene; indigenous peoples and theories of human development. She has written several books and numerous papers on these topics, including: Huaorani transformations in 21st century Ecuador. Treks into the future of time (University of Arizona Press, 2016); Trekking through History. The Huaorani of Amazonian Ecuador (Columbia University Press, 2002); Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Initiative (Ecological Economics, 2010); Governing the Provision of Ecosystem Services with Roldan Muradian (Springer 2012). She is currently working on a book about the agroecology movement.
“Indigenous Spirituality as a Way to the Ecological Self: Rupture or Consequence of Neoliberal Discourses?”
At this moment of profound ecological crisis, there is a call for a fundamental rethinking of our attitudes towards the natural environment. This paper explores the role of spirituality – as bodily practices that awaken our relationship to the unknown – in promoting a radical restructuring of modern Western societies in accordance to deep ecology beliefs. The starting point is the assumption of spirituality as a challenge to dominant neoliberal discourses in Western societies at the same time as it is constrained by the limits of those discourses. Western individuals typically have a unitary self, created through binary exclusions that are hierarchically linked both to each other and in relation to society. The paper asks what role spirituality plays on changing this unitary self and in encouraging individuals’ collective and collaborative attitudes aimed at modifying environmentally damaging Western societal systems. By looking at the case of the Yawanawá tribe in the Brazilian Amazon, it tries to understand the influence of traditional societies and indigenous subjectivities in shaping Western individuation through diverse experiences and understanding of the nature of being. The paper then discusses if the spiritual awakening is a rupture with dominant discourses and practices or a consequence. Conclusions give some insights on how spirituality facilitates the appearance of the ecological self within individuals’ direct experiences with indigenous values and cosmo-visions that may help us to go beyond the dominant attitudes that originated the current ecological crisis.
Dr Maria Fernanda Gebara – her research considers the forest as a site where nature, culture, politics and spirituality are enmeshed. Over the past decade she had the opportunity to work with different traditional communities (indigenous/quilombolas), smallholders and large landholders in the Brazilian Amazon. She has been exploring the challenges to anthropocentric attitudes from diverse perspectives, investigating local traditions, practices, policies, networks and media that are linked to climate mitigation and adaptation to understand alternative configurations between human and non-human entities.
“Knowledge Encounters and Hybridization in the Eastern Amazon: The Case of the Agroforestry System of Tomé-Açu”
This paper focuses on the emergence and development of an agroforestry system in the Eastern Amazon. The SAFTA – Agroforestry System of Tomé-Açu – emerged in mid-1980s to become a well-recognized sustainable land use system in the region. The SAFTA emerged from a process of encounter and hybridization of multiple knowledge systems which has some differences from other cases described in the Amazonian literature. First, it was led by a middle-class farmer group – Japanese migrant descendant – who become a local elite in the region. Second, the agroforestry system comprises highly profitable non-certified products, directed to export market but fully controlled by a local cooperative. Third, it has expanded in the region and beyond even after the implementation of the Oil Palm Zone in 2010. Fourth, farming knowledge has been transferred through both grassroots initiatives (e.g., farmer-to-farmer) and corporation-led strategies (CSR programs).
Based on data from interviews, observations and participation in local events between 2010-2016, it will be analyzed three stages of the knowledge building process of the SAFTA model by the Japanese descendant farmers. The design phase including learning on suitable species and subsistence farming techniques as well as applying it to a commercial, middle-scale agroforestry system. The consolidation phase of the agroforestry system into the SAFTA model through intensive knowledge exchange with scientists, private companies, and funding agencies on farming innovations and technocratic procedures. Third, innovation and transfer phase which includes experiments growing oil palm in agroforestry system in partnership with a private company and researchers an SAFTA model dissemination to local peasants.
It will be discussed the issues related to local/non-local knowledge dichotomy and the invisibility of middle-class farmers due to the peasant/agribusiness polarization in the Amazonian literature. As a conclusion, it will be proposed a more nuanced analysis of local knowledge as a porous system shaped through encounter and hybridization of multiple knowledge systems in which autonomy and control over the process remains in the hands of local users.
Dr. Fábio de Castro is Senior Lecturer at the Centre for Latin American Research and Documentation of the University of Amsterdam. His research is focused on environmental governance in Brazil with focus in the Amazon. He has published on protected areas, community-based management, agroforestry, small-scale production systems, oil palm expansion and environmental politics. More recently, he has been involved in projects on Latin American commons, new socioenvironmentalism and political strategies of rural elite in Brazil.
“Exploring the Global Countryside in the Lower Amazon Mesoregion of Pará, Brazil”
Studies have acknowledged how globalisation is increasingly permeating into the rural in diverse manners and strategies, often producing what Woods (2007) calls the global countryside. This concept explores the micro-politics of negotiation and hybridisation that take place in the remaking of rural places under global flows and processes. This research grounds the analysis of the global countryside in the Lower Amazon mesoregion in the State of Pará (Brazil) and specifically in the rural surroundings of Santarém and Belterra. The research is based upon data collected through 40 semi-structured interviews with a range of different actors and a focus group in April 2018. The paper explores how globalisation enters in variegated ways: through the expansion of the agribusiness frontier, installation of logistics infrastructure lead by transnational companies, increasing inter-state migration into rural areas coupled with rural-urban exodus by local population, changing production and consumption patterns within rural communities and growing international rural tourism. The paper critically evaluates these diversified impacts generated under globalisation, and the variegated responses and discourses that have consequently emerged by the rural communities and institutions. It reveals the processual and hybrid nature of the global countryside by emphasising the changing dynamics and reactions, and the interactions between local-global actors.
Dr Francesca Fois is a post-doctoral researcher at Aberystwyth University, UK. Francesca’s research focuses on the connections between rural development and globalisation in the global South and in peripheral areas of the global North. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in Brazil, China and Italy, her research reveals how rural communities respond to global changes, address issues of food security and water supply, and attempt to create alternative spaces, practices and networks. Since 2012, Francesca has been collaborating with the shamanic intentional community of Terra Mirim (Brazil), organising a series of public events about communal living and shamanism and supporting their recent mobilisation against the construction of a landfill in a protected area of the Atlantic Forest in the Metropolitan Region of Salvador (Bahia). Her recent publications include ‘Understanding ethnography through a life course framework: a research journey into alternative spiritual spaces’ in Area (2017) and ‘Shamanic spiritual activism: an alternative development of the Itamboatá Valley in Brazil’ in Third World Thematics: A Third World Quaterly Journal (2017).
“Where Less Space is More: Expanding Frontier Theory”
Frontier-making has always been fundamental for the circulation and accumulation of capital. The perennity of frontier-making is not only due to the demand for minerals, land or other resources, or because frontiers represent fresh market opportunities, but crucially because it operates as compensation for the saturation of the existing capitalist relations in core areas. At the frontier, the conventional sequence of time and space is suspended and reconfigured, allowing room for the decompression of tensions and contradictions. Consequently, spatial frontiers function as a mirror, where the most bare and explicit features of capitalism are vividly exposed. The presentation will examine the meaning and immanence of spatial frontiers, considering them as a laboratory of historical and geographical agency. It entails a reflection upon the necessity, the configuration and the contestation of spatial frontiers, paying particular attention to the economic and territorial incorporation of the Amazon region and the prospects of political resistance.
Dr. Antonio A R Ioris – senior lecturer in human geography, Cardiff University
- Special participation: ‘People’s Palace Projects’, c/o School of English and Drama, Queen Mary University – Special session of the movie ‘Beyond Fordlandia’ (by Marcos Colón)
- Book launchings by members of the network and cultural activities.
Dr Antonio Ioris, Cardiff University
IorisA [at] cardiff.ac.uk
Phone: 0044 (0)2920874845
Dr Vitale Joanoni Neto, Federal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)
vitalejneto [at] gmail.com
Phone: 0055 (0)65 3615 8475 extension 200
*This event will be delivered through the medium of English.